What is Gingivitis

What’s Gingivitis?

The most common dental problems we can often hear in a dental office is dental cavities, root canals, tooth extraction or crowns. It’s not every day we hear the word gingivitis being thrown around, let alone know what it is. So, what is gingivitis and why should we treat it as soon as we are diagnosed with it?

These are some of the topics we will be discussing in this post. It’s important to know we can face other dental problems which we must treat to avoid further complications to our oral health. What do we need to know first?

What is Gum Disease?

You may think gum disease is another topic of its own. You’re right, it is, however, it is related to gingivitis. How? Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissues supporting and surround our teeth. It is usually caused by poor oral hygiene that allows plaque buildup to harden and affect the tooth and gums which can cause to soreness, bleeding gums, and tooth loss.

What’s Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums which is referred to as the first stage of gum disease and the easiest to treat. It’s the non-destructive stage of gum disease; however if left untreated it can lead to serious dental problems and an advanced stage of gum disease.

Causes of Gingivitis

When plaque accumulates around and in between the teeth, it can destroy our gums’ tissue, but first, our immune system is the first to respond. Here are some factors that are likely to cause you to develop gingivitis.

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Crooked teeth – makes harder to clean teeth properly
  • Smoking
  • Poor diet
  • Age
  • Illness
  • Genetics
  • Medications

Symptoms of Gingivitis

Caused by the plaque buildup, the early signs of symptoms we can experience are:

  • red, swelling gums
  • tender gums
  • bleeding of gums while brushing or flossing
  • bad breath

Although there can be a mild case of gingivitis, regardless of its acute or chronic case, it should still be treated since it can progress to something more serious.

Treatment Methods

When gingivitis is caught early and is treated early, it is possible to reverse the effects of plaque buildup. Treatment is first started at the dentist office and then carried on at home. Once you have been diagnosed with gingivitis, your dental professional will remove the buildup of plaque or tartar that has around your teeth. You might feel discomfort depending on how much plaque you have and the sensitivity of your gums.

Once your dentist has removed all plaque from your teeth, they go over oral hygiene tips and why it’s critical to continue to practice good oral hygiene. Sometimes, dentists may make follow-up appointments to continue to monitor your teeth and ensure they are properly clean.  

If your dentist diagnoses you with other dental problems, part of maintaining a healthy mouth and smile is correcting any other problems that contribute to oral hygiene. You don’t want to leave them untreated and expect to have a healthy mouth.

At home, you want to continue to practice good oral hygiene such as brushing twice a day especially before bedtime, flossing once a day, and maybe even rinsing your mouth with mouthwash. Taking caring our teeth starts at home, and when we lack to care for them, that’s when dental problems begin to arise.

Dentists can’t emphasize enough the importance of practicing good oral hygiene. If you haven’t had your annual dental check-up, don’t wait until you start to see or feel symptoms. Make an appointment with your dentist by filling out the form here to book an appointment.

If you want to know more information about gum disease or gingivitis, we’ve provided you with links.  

Gum Disease



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